It's been a while since I have read any Charles Hodge. I'm enjoying his book, "Justification by Faith Alone". I appreciate his clarity about the grounds of our justification-the righteousness of Christ:
We are justified by the blood of Christ; by his obedience; by his righteousness. This is involved in the whole method of salvation. Christ saves us as a priest, but a priest does not save by making those who come to him good. He does not work in them, but for them. Christ saves us by a sacrifice; but a sacrifice is effectual, not because of its subjective effect upon the offerer, but as an expiation, or satisfaction to justice. Christ is our Redeemer; he gave himself as a ransom for many. But a ransom does not infuse righteousness. It is the payment of a price. It is the satisfaction of the claims of the captor upon the captive.